, Polyvalent antivenom of equine origin is produced by Haffkine Institute and King Institute of Preventive Medicine and Research in India. It is the world's longest venomous snake. Wild king cobras encountered in Singapore appeared to be placid, but reared up and struck in self defence when cornered. The king cobra (Ophiophagus hannah), also known as the hamadryad, is a venomous snake species in the family Elapidae, endemic to forests from India through Southeast Asia. Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, "In praise of subgenera: taxonomic status of cobras of the genus Naja Laurenti (Serpentes: Elapidae)", "Integration of nuclear and mitochondrial gene sequences and morphology reveals unexpected diversity in the forest cobra (Naja melanoleuca) species complex in Central and West Africa (Serpentes: Elapidae)", "Proto-IE: *(s)nēg-o-, Meaning: snake, Old Indian: nāgá- m. 'snake', Germanic: *snēk-a- m., *snak-an- m., *snak-ō f.; *snak-a- vb", "Naja melanoleuca - General Details, Taxonomy and Biology, Venom, Clinical Effects, Treatment, First Aid, Antivenoms", "Phylogeography and systematic revision of the Egyptian cobra (Serpentes: Elapidae: Naja haje) species complex, with the description of a new species from West Africa", "The "Cobra-preta" of São Tomé Island, Gulf of Guinea, is a new species of, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Naja&oldid=987770206, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from October 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia, eastern Zimbabwe, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), the Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda, and the province of Cabinda in Angola, Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe, southern Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, eastern Uganda, southern China, northern Laos, Taiwan, northern Vietnam, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), the Republic of Congo, and the province of Cabinda in Angola, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, the Ivory Coast, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Togo, Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia, Ethiopia, Uganda, South Sudan, Sudan, Cameroon, Nigeria, Niger, Burkina Faso, Mali, Senegal, Mauritania, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, Cambodia, southern China, eastern India, Laos, northwestern Malaysia, Nepal, Thailand, southeastern Tibet, Vietnam, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ghana, Guinea, the Ivory Coast, Mali, Gambia, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo, Angola, Benin, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, the Republic of Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Nigeria, extreme southeastern Angola, Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, northeastern Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania (including Pemba Island), Zambia, Zimbabwe, Cameroon, Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Gabon, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire) (except in the central region), Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, the Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Somalia, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Afghanistan, northwestern India, Iran, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania, Miocene-aged strata of France, Germany, Austria, Romania, and Ukraine, the Philippines (Mindanao, Bohol, Leyte, Samar, Camiguin), Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, the Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo, Benin, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Indonesia (Java, the Lesser Sunda Islands, East Timor), Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Republic of Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Brunei, Indonesia (Sumatra, Borneo, Bangka, Belitung), Malaysia, the Philippines (Palawan), southern Thailand, Singapore, This page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at 03:51. The large eyes have a golden iris and round pupils. In 1838, Cantor proposed the name Hamadryas ophiophagus for the king cobra and explained that it has dental features intermediate between the genera Naja and Bungarus. , In northern India, it has been recorded in Garhwal and Kumaon, and in the Shivalik and terai regions of Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh. It senses earth-borne vibration and detects moving prey almost 100 m (330 ft) away. The Chinese cobra inhabits grasslands, mangroves, woodlands, and shrublands within its range.  If the envenomation is serious, it progresses to cardiovascular collapse, and the victim falls into a coma. , The king cobra has a wide distribution in South and Southeast Asia. For other uses, see, Venomous snake species in the family Elapidae, endemic to forests from India through Southeast Asia, Captive king cobras with their hoods extended, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, King Institute of Preventive Medicine and Research, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2012-1.RLTS.T177540A1491874.en, "Sketch of an undescribed hooded serpent, with fangs and maxillar teeth", "A notice of the Hamadryas, a genus of hooded serpent with poisonous fangs and maxillary teeth", "Description of a New Species of Naga, or Cobra de Capello", "Phylogenetic Relationships of Elapid Snakes Based on Cytochrome b mtDNA Sequences", "A species-level phylogeny of extant snakes with description of a new colubrid subfamily and genus". A captive one at the London Zoo grew to 5.71 m (18.7 ft) before being euthanised upon the outbreak of World War II. , This article is about the snake. The two species of black desert cobras or desert black snakes, The eastern coral snake or American cobra (, This page was last edited on 23 May 2020, at 04:56.  De koningscobra vormt hierbij geen zwanenhalsachtige kromming zoals bij … Many snakebite cases related to this snake have been recorded in China and the neighboring countries. Some hold that the Sanskrit word is cognate with English "snake", Germanic: *snēk-a-, Proto-IE: *(s)nēg-o-, but this is unlikely. The largest known king cobra was 5.59 m (18 ft 4 in) long and captured in Thailand. Local effects are marked and manifest in all cases of envenomation - severe pain, severe swelling, bruising, blistering, and tissue necrosis. The charmer is a priestess who is usually tattooed with three pictograms and kisses the snake on the top of its head at the end of the ritual.  It usually slinks off when disturbed, but is known to aggressively defend incubating eggs and attack intruders rapidly. In: Huber, B.A., Sinclair, B.J., Lampe, K.-H. It is threatened by habitat destruction and has been listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List since 2010. It also hunts Malabar pit viper and hump-nosed pit viper by following their odour trails. Because of its flexible jaws it can swallow prey much larger than its head.  The Caspian cobra is the most venomous species of cobra in the world (to laboratory mice). The species is also found in elevations ranging from lowlands to elevations of up to 6,600 feet.  Most nests are located at the base of trees, are up to 55 cm (22 in) high in the center and 140 cm (55 in) wide at the base. , The average lifespan of a wild king cobra is about 20 years. It differs from other cobra species by size and hood. , A ritual in Myanmar involves a king cobra and a female snake charmer. , Naja ingens proposed by Alexander Willem Michiel van Hasselt in 1882 was a king cobra captured near Tebing Tinggi in northern Sumatra. , The origin of this genus name is from the Sanskrit nāga (with a hard "g") meaning "snake". Naja is a genus of venomous elapid snakes known as cobras ("true cobras"). Easy servicing and low running costs add value throughout the supply chain and an IP45 rated Most species are capable of attaining lengths of 1.84 m (6.0 ft). It is the world's longest venomous snake.  In cases where victims of cobra bites are medically treated using normal treatment protocol for elapid type envenomation, differences in prognosis depend on the cobra species involved. Roughly 30–40% of bites by some cobra species are dry bites, thus do not cause envenomation (a dry bite is a bite by a venomous snake which does not inject venom). It can deliver multiple bites in a single attack. Males captured in Kerala measured up to 3.75 m (12.3 ft) and weighed up to 10 kg (22 lb). Temperature inside nests is not steady but varies depending on elevation from 13.5 to 37.4 °C (56.3 to 99.3 °F). They consist of several layers and have mostly one chamber, into which the female lays eggs. , The king cobra's skin is olive green with black and white bands on the trunk that converge to the head. , Hamadryas hannah was the scientific name used by Danish naturalist Theodore Edward Cantor in 1836 who described four king cobra specimens, three captured in the Sundarbans and one in the vicinity of Kolkata.  Killing a king cobra is punished with imprisonment of up to six years. After a large meal, it lives for many months without another one because of its slow metabolic rate. Some also have cardiotoxic components to their venom. Death soon follows due to respiratory failure.  Its cylindrical tail is yellowish green above and marked with black. Successful precedents include a client who recovered and was discharged in 10 days after being treated by accurate antivenom and inpatient care. Het lichaam kan hierbij tot een meter hoog worden opgetild, waarbij de slang iets naar voren helt. All members of the genus Naja, the "true" cobras, can rear upwards and produce hoods when threatened.  The genus Ophiophagus was proposed by Günther in 1864. For other uses, see, Index of articles associated with the same name, index of animals with the same common name, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cobra&oldid=958325864, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The two species of tree cobras, Goldie's tree cobra (, The two species of shield-nosed cobras, the Cape coral snake (.
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